Brexit: PM in Belfast for protocol talks with Stormont leaderson February 17, 2023 at 9:40 am

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Speculation is rising that agreement can be reached on the post-Brexit trading arrangement.

Freight lorries travelling through the Port of BelfastImage source, PA Media

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak is in Belfast to meet local political parties amid speculation a deal on the Northern Ireland Protocol could soon be struck.

Sources suggest a deal could be reached as early as next week on post-Brexit trading arrangements.

Mr Sunak will meet local party leaders on Friday morning before heading on to Germany to meet EU leaders.

His Foreign Secretary, James Cleverly, will be in Brussels on Friday to meet the European Commission.

Mr Cleverly will meet European Commission Vice-President Marcos Sefcovic, the Foreign Office confirmed, saying it was part of “ongoing engagement and constructive dialogue with the EU to find practical solutions that work for the people of Northern Ireland”.

The Northern Ireland Protocol is the trade deal that was agreed to ensure the free movement of goods across the Irish land border after Brexit.

It is at the heart of a political impasse in Northern Ireland, with unionist parties arguing that placing an effective trade border across the Irish Sea undermines Northern Ireland’s place within the UK.

The largest of those parties is the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), which refuses to take part in Northern Ireland’s power-sharing government – introduced in the 1990s as a way of ending decades of violence – unless its concerns are resolved.

Even though the DUP came second in May 2022 elections to Sinn Féin – a republican party that accepts the protocol – a new Northern Ireland government cannot be formed without its support.

The DUP has said it must be satisfied with any settlement before it agrees to return to power-sharing.

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Analysis box by Jayne McCormack, NI political correspondent

At times it has felt like a marathon – long and winding, with serious stamina required and the potential to hit a wall.

Now a visit from the prime minister and more senior meetings in Brussels suggest that finishing touches to a deal on the Northern Ireland Protocol might finally, really, be on.

The government was trying to keep the prime minister’s arrival in Belfast low-key – a sign of how sensitive a stage they feel this process is at.

Sources close to Rishi Sunak say he wants to keep the politicians most affected by the protocol up to date.

But the Stormont parties may be left with more questions than answers about the detail of a deal.

And for the DUP the devil will be in the detail before it decides whether to back an agreement and end its boycott of devolved government.

The UK and the EU now appear to be sprinting to the finish line but can they maintain the pace or could political hurdles yet slow them down?

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But the deal has split political opinion and the UK and the EU have been in lengthy negotiations about making changes to how it operates.

Ahead of Mr Sunak’s visit, No 10 said: “Whilst talks with the EU are ongoing ministers continue to engage with relevant stakeholders to ensure any solution fixes the practical problems on the ground, meets our overarching objectives and safeguards Northern Ireland’s place in the UK’s internal market.

“The prime minister… [is] travelling to Northern Ireland this evening to speak to political parties as part of this engagement process.”

After the meetings in Belfast the prime minister will travel to Munich for a security summit.

Rishi Sunak

Image source, Reuters

However, the prime minister’s efforts to reach a deal on the protocol have exposed tensions within his Conservative Party.

Former Brexit Minister Lord Frost told the Telegraph that a “feeble deal now” would “make things worse not better”, adding that “no deal is still better than a bad one”.

David Jones, deputy chairman of the European Research Group – a Eurosceptic group of Tory MPs – tweeted that Northern Ireland “must cease to be subject to laws made in Brussels”. “It’s as simple as that,” he said. “Anything less won’t work.”

Speaking on Thursday night, Tánaiste (Irish Deputy Prime Minister) Micheál Martin said the latest stages of the protocol talks had been “serious and substantive” and trust had been built between UK and EU negotiators.

“I’ve no doubt that the British prime minister, in advance of further discussions over the weekend and next week, wants to ascertain from the political parties in Northern Ireland a sense of the various positions that they have in relation to [the protocol],” he said.

The Northern Ireland Protocol was put in place as part of the post-Brexit deal agreed between the UK and the EU in December 2020.

It was required because Northern Ireland has a land border with the Republic of Ireland, which is an EU country.

It aims to ensure free movement of trade across the Irish land border by conducting checks between Northern Ireland and Great Britain instead but it has been a source of tension since it came into force at the start of 2021.

Despite concerns among unionist parties, many members of the Northern Ireland Assembly are in favour of the protocol in some form remaining in place.

Sinn Féin, the Alliance Party and the SDLP have said improvements to the protocol are needed to ease its implementation.

Map of the the UK showing how goods travelling from GB into NI and onward to the Republic of Ireland.
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