Boris Johnson is attempting to see off rebel MPs who want to remove him in the wake of Partygate.
Boris Johnson’s ministers are making efforts to shore up his support among Conservative MPs, as they prepare for a vote on his leadership later.
Scores of Tory MPs wrote to party bosses to trigger the ballot, amid a backlash against the PM over Partygate.
Backbench anger has grown since Sue Gray published her official report into lockdown parties in No 10 last month.
But members of the cabinet have rallied to the PM’s side, ahead of Monday evening’s vote.
If most Tory MPs vote to express no confidence in him, he will be ousted from office and a contest will be held to replace him as Tory leader and PM.
Assuming every Conservative MP casts a vote and nobody abstains, this means 180 will have to vote against Mr Johnson to topple him.
The vote will take place in Parliament between 18.00 and 20.00 BST, with a result announced shortly after.
Ahead of the vote, Mr Johnson has written to his backbenchers to drum up their support – and will address them privately this afternoon.
In the letters, which the PM signed personally, he said putting their confidence in him would “put an end to the media’s favourite obsession” and allow the government to “focus instead” on voters’ priorities.
Confirmation of a no-confidence vote comes after more than a week of speculation over the PM’s future after Ms Gray’s report was published.
An interim version of the report, published in January, prompted a trickle of Tory MPs to urge Mr Johnson to stand down.
But the full version, which laid bare the scale of Covid rule-breaking in No 10, has led to renewed calls within the party for him to resign.
There has also been unhappiness within the party over tax rises and the government’s response to rising living costs.
‘Not offering vision’
Jeremy Hunt, who is among those Tory MPs seen as a potential candidate to replace the PM if a leadership contest takes place, has confirmed he will be voting against Mr Johnson later.
The former foreign secretary, who stood stood unsuccessfully against Mr Johnson in the 2019 Tory leadership election, tweeted that the direction of the party’s leadership was “not a debate I wanted to have now” because of the war in Ukraine.
But he added: “Conservative MPs know in our hearts we are not giving the British people the leadership they deserve.
“We are not offering the integrity, competence and vision necessary to unleash the enormous potential of our country.”
Fellow Tory MP John Penrose also called on Mr Johnson to resign, adding he was resigning from a role as his anti-corruption champion.
In a letter posted on Twitter, he added the “only fair conclusion” from Ms Gray’s Partygate report was that Mr Johnson had broken the ministerial rulebook’s provisions on leadership.
However, cabinet ministers have expressed their support for Mr Johnson ahead of the vote later, with many of them taking similar lines in defending the prime minister’s record.
Deputy Prime Minister Dominic Raab said the PM had “got the big calls right – securing life-saving vaccines, firing up our economy and standing up to Putin’s aggression against Ukraine”.
Speaking to BBC News, he predicted that Mr Johnson would win a “large majority” at tonight’s vote, allowing ministers to “get on with the job”.
Chancellor Rishi Sunak added: “From the vaccine rollout to our response to Russian aggression, the PM has shown the strong leadership our country needs.
“I am backing him today and will continue to back him as we focus on growing the economy, tackling the cost of living and clearing the Covid backlogs.”
Plenty of Tory MP – including the rebels – expect Boris Johnson to win tonight.
But an arithmetical win is not the same as a political one. Theresa May won a confidence vote easily, but was gone within six months.
What we will get tonight is an indisputable number: the number of Tory MPs who want the prime minister out.
It’s a number that will hang around Boris Johnson’s neck for the rest of his time in office.
He will argue other numbers matter far more: the nearly 14 million people who voted Conservative at the last election, and the whopping majority he won in the House of Commons.
But make no mistake: confidence votes are almost always bad news for political leaders.
The no-confidence vote was announced earlier by Sir Graham Brady, who chairs the 1922 backbench committee that organises such contests.
He confirmed he had informed the PM on Sunday that the required threshold for a vote – 15% of the party, or 54 MPs – had been hit.
If Mr Johnson wins the vote, under current Tory party rules he will be safe from a backbench challenge for a year.
The stipulation had prompted speculation that those aiming to replace the PM would have preferred a vote to take place later this month, after two tricky by-elections for the Tories in Tiverton and Honiton and Wakefield.
Even if he wins this evening’s vote, a large number of backbenchers voting against Mr Johnson could deliver a serious blow to his authority that spells the eventual end of his premiership.
His predecessor in No 10, Theresa May, survived a confidence vote in her leadership in late 2018 but resigned six months later after failing to get her Brexit deal passed in Parliament.