Egyptian pharaoh’s mummy digitally unwrapped for first timeon December 28, 2021 at 11:43 am

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

CT scans allowed archaeologists to study Amenhotep I’s body and learn about his death and burial.

CT scan showing the skull of Amenhotep I

Image source, PA Media

The mummified body of an ancient Egyptian pharaoh has been studied for the first time in millennia after being digitally “unwrapped”.

The mummy of Amenhotep I, who ruled from 1525 to 1504 BC, was found at a site in Deir el-Bahari 140 years ago.

But archaeologists have refrained from opening it in order to preserve the exquisite face mask and bandages.

Computer topography (CT) scans have now revealed previously unknown information about the pharaoh and his burial.

Dr Sahar Saleem, professor of radiology at Cairo University and lead author of the study published in the journal Frontiers in Medicine, said they showed Amenhotep I was about 35 years old when he died.

Dr Sahar Saleem, professor of radiology at Cairo University's Kasr Al-Ainy Faculty of Medicine, stands next to the mummy of Amenhotep I and a CT scanner

Image source, PA Media

“He was approximately 169cm (5ft 6in) tall, circumcised, and had good teeth. Within his wrappings, he wore 30 amulets and a unique golden girdle with gold beads,” she told PA Media.

“Amenhotep I seems to have physically resembled his father: he had a narrow chin, a small narrow nose, curly hair, and mildly protruding upper teeth.”

However, Dr Saleem said they did not observe any wounds or disfigurement due to disease that would allow them to give a cause of death.

The researchers were able to gain insights about the mummification and burial of Amenhotep, who was the second king of the 18th Dynasty, including that he was the first pharaoh to have his forearms folded across his chest and that, unusually, his brain was not removed.

They also concluded that his mummy was “lovingly repaired” by priests of the 21st Dynasty, which ruled about four centuries after this death.

Face mask on mummy of Amenhotep I

Image source, PA Media

The scans showed that the mummy suffered from multiple post-mortem injuries that were likely to have been inflicted by grave robbers

They also showed that the priests fixed the detached head and neck to the body with a resin-treated linen band, covered a defect in the abdominal wall with a band and placed two amulets beneath, and wrapped the detached left arm to the body.

Dr Saleem said the jewellery and amulets seen in the scans disproved theories that the priests might have removed them for use by later pharaohs.

The mummy of Amenhotep I was reburied by the priests in the Deir el-Bahari Royal Cache, a complex of tombs and temples near Luxor, to keep them safe.


You may also be interested in:

This video can not be played

To play this video you need to enable JavaScript in your browser.

- Advertisement -




Cummings testimony: What is herd immunity?on May 26, 2021 at 12:50 am

Herd immunity is a scientific term, so why is there a row about it?image copyrightGetty ImagesBoris Johnson's former chief adviser Dominic Cummings has been...

Abortion: New powers not taken lightly, says Brandon Lewison March 23, 2021 at 3:49 pm

NI Secretary Brandon Lewis says the government is disappointed by the failure to commission services.image copyrightGetty ImagesThe decision to introduce new powers compelling Stormont...

French elections: EU apprehensive of Le Pen ahead of French run-off voteon April 19, 2022 at 1:32 am

A Marine Le Pen victory in France would send shockwaves across the European Union, writes Jessica Parker.Image source, Getty ImagesEuropean Union officials return to...

Child deaths expose mental health unit pressureson August 9, 2022 at 2:01 am

Chelsea Mooney was 17 when she died in a Camhs unit last year, following a self-harm incident.Chelsea Mooney was 17 when she died in...

Women’s Six Nations: Emilie Boulard scores brilliant try for France against Italyon March 27, 2022 at 4:05 pm

Watch as Emilie Boulard runs in a brilliant solo try as France beat Italy 39-6 in their opening game of the 2022 Women's Six...