Universities told to reach out to stop suicideson October 6, 2022 at 12:35 am

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

New guidance asks staff to share concerns with “trusted contacts”, even without the student’s consent.

Callum Dineen

Universities are being told to contact key family members, carers or friends if they have serious concerns about a student’s mental health – even without their permission.

Students should register a “trusted contact” when they start university, according to new guidance.

Universities UK (UUK) said its advice, which it shared with BBC News, aimed to prevent student suicides.

Bereaved loved ones say universities need to act on their policies.

The law allows organisations to share personal data in an emergency and the guidance says most universities already have some sort of system in place for reaching out to next of kin in such situations, even without the student’s agreement.

But this is the first time all universities have been asked to contact loved ones if there are concerns.

Theo Brennan-Hulme

Image source, Theo Brennan-Hulme’s family

Theo Brennan-Hulme, who had Asperger’s syndrome and a history of self-harm, killed himself while studying at the University of East Anglia in March 2019.

He had given UEA permission to contact his mother with any concerns, his friend and flatmate Callum Dineen, 22, told BBC News, but this did not happen.

“He was reaching out to the university, he was following all the guidance on how he could help his mental health, and he was following all the processes as well as he could have done,” Mr Dineen told BBC News.

“They could have done better. They could have done a lot better.”

UUK’s guidance aims to make rules clearer so universities have more confidence about when to act, which Mr Dineen said would have made a difference.

“UEA did have that policy and they didn’t use it well, or at all,” he said, adding the university had since improved its services and policies.

UEA said it did not comment on individual cases but welcomed the focus on information sharing, adding it had introduced a policy asking students for advance consent to contact their loved ones.

UUK’s guidance says staff “should make every reasonable effort to secure consent” but “there are some circumstances in which a university can and should share information with emergency services and with trusted contacts even where they have not been able to secure consent”.

It also asks universities to:

  • check in with students and keep their contacts up to date
  • give students examples of when they may decide to involve contacts
  • produce clear, publicly available policies
  • ensure staff are appropriately trained
Presentational grey line
Presentational grey line

Official estimates suggest 64 students killed themselves in England and Wales in the 2019-20 academic year.

Since 2016, the student suicide rate in England and Wales has been significantly lower than among the general population of similar ages. Suicide rates are generally higher in men than women.

But the student rates are only estimates, leading some parents to call for legislation for universities to report the annual number of student suicides.

James Murray

James Murray was not warned of his son Ben’s deteriorating mental health while he was at the University of Bristol. Ben killed himself in May 2018.

“Why on Earth wasn’t I called? Maybe I could have done something,” James told BBC News.

He wants universities to have legal “duty of care” towards students when it comes to their mental health.

“This is not about meddling parents. The overall goal is the prevention of future deaths within the student community,” he said.

UUK president and University of the West of England vice-chancellor Prof Steve West said universities had a duty of care around health and safety, and equality and diversity.

But he said: “There isn’t a legal framework for that for universities, for [their] students, in terms of mental health.”

‘Most vulnerable’

Since Ben’s death, the University of Bristol has introduced an “opt-in” programme now used at about 30 universities, including UEA.

As well as being able to contact a student’s next of kin in an emergency, the university asks students to give “advance consent” for it to share information about their wellbeing with their contacts if they have concerns.

The university said it had learned from Ben’s death and the policy had had a “positive” response. In 2021-22, contacts were involved 98 times.

Asked why UUK was not asking all universities to have “opt-in” programmes, Prof West said: “Those students who don’t opt in are often the students who are most vulnerable.”

The UUK guidance is not mandatory and universities cannot make students give “trusted contacts”.

But Prof West said those that failed to follow it as best practice would “lose” University Mental Health Charter status.

UUK has also published a checklist to help universities support students on placement, with the help of Izzy de George, whose brother Harrison killed himself in December 2020, while studying at Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) to be a teacher.

Izzy and Harrison de George

Ms De George welcomed the phrase “trusted contacts”, which could mean friends or housemates, telling BBC News contacting some students’ parents could be “almost the worst thing to do”.

She would continue campaigning, she said, because “suicides are preventable”, adding: “If I can just stop one suicide, that’s basically what keeps me going.”

MMU said it had “re-emphasised the importance”, following Harrison’s death, of communications between placement providers and the university if there were wellbeing or attendance concerns.

The National Union of Students welcomed the UUK’s guidance but said universities must ensure policies did not deter those “already less likely to disclose a mental health condition”, such as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender students and people belonging to ethnic minorities

The British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy said it was “a positive step that universities are proposing consistent practice for the first time” but feared “this might be a tick-box exercise in managing risk for some institutions”.

“What is really needed is more investment in support services,” it said.

The Department for Education said it expected all universities to “engage actively with suicide prevention” and had asked for £15m to be allocated for student mental health.

Banner saying 'Get in touch'

Have you been affected by the issues raised in this story? Share your experiences by emailing haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk.

Please include a contact number if you are willing to speak to a BBC News journalist. You can also make contact in the following ways:

If you are reading this page but cannot see the form, visit the mobile version of the BBC website to submit your question or comment or email HaveYourSay@bbc.co.uk. Please include your name, age and location with any submission.

- Advertisement -




India flight leaves with 50 travellers still on tarmacon January 10, 2023 at 9:29 am

The passengers were on a bus, waiting to board the Go First flight from Bengaluru to Delhi.The passengers were on a bus, waiting to...

The Signs and Symptoms of Mesothelioma

The Signs and Symptoms of MesotheliomaWhen most people think of mesothelioma, they think of a malignant tumor that has developed in the lining...

Oslo shooting: Norway attack being treated as Islamist terrorism, police sayon June 25, 2022 at 5:01 pm

Witnesses hid in a gay bar's basement as a gunman fired on a crowd, killing two and injuring 21.Image source, EPAA 42-year-old man has...

Burkina Faso coup: Return of the military strongmen to West Africaon January 27, 2022 at 1:05 am

Burkina Faso is the latest country to experience a coup in a region where democracy had seemed entrenched.

Ice in hats, ventilated suits – keeping cool at workon July 14, 2022 at 3:33 pm

The hot weather inspires workers to use innovative measures to keep cool.The hot weather inspires workers to use innovative measures to keep cool.