What Is the Treatment for Mesothelioma?
Malignant mesothelioma or peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare type of tumor that usually occurs in the peritoneal layer of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum). This layer of mucous membrane helps regulate the fluid flow throughout your entire body. The peritoneum is lined with a thin membrane, also called the pericardium, that protects it from the internal environment. Peritoneal mesothelioma can be either benign (producing no symptoms) or malignant (causing serious and often fatal problems).
Peritoneal mesothelioma symptoms depend on several factors including the location of the cancer, its stage at the time of diagnosis, and its prognosis. If you are suffering from peritoneal mesothelioma and are experiencing any of these symptoms, please contact your doctor immediately. Malignant mesothelioma has an increased risk for spread to the lungs through the blood stream, which may result in death. Symptoms include weight loss, fatigue, and Shortness of breath. Additional symptoms include nausea and fever, chills, night sweats, chest pain, chest swelling, and abdominal swelling. A recent study suggests that the increased risk of peritoneal mesothelioma among Hispanics may be due to the fact that some ethnic groups are genetically predisposed to this type of cancers.
Some of the risk factors for developing mesothelioma include being a smoker, having a family history of the disease, having been exposed to asbestos in the workplace, having benign prostatic hyperplasia, having had previous non-malignant surgical treatment, having anemia, and having a history of frequent dysplasia or growths in the abdomen. Exposing yourself to asbestos in any way, such as remodeling jobs, certain industries, or construction jobs where asbestos is present, can increase your risk of developing mesothelioma. In addition, living in close proximity to factories that process asbestos can also cause exposure to the disease. Since asbestos is not presently banned, it is possible that you have been exposed without knowing it.
People who have developed mesothelioma can have an asbestos history by virtue of inherited genes, the presence of other hereditary cancers in their families, or exposure to asbestos over time. If one or more of these conditions are present, then your chances of developing mesothelioma will be greater. Cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes or the lining of the abdominal cavity is called diffuse mesothelioma. In this scenario, the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, rather than just one area.
When you are exposed to asbestos, this increases your risk of developing this type of cancer, as well as other types of asbestos-related cancers. The increased risk of developing mesothelioma depends on the amount of asbestos exposure and your individual genetic makeup. Although the most common form of this type of cancer occurs as a result of asbestos exposure, it may also develop as a result of continuous exposure to the material, such as through repeated job exposure. If you had a previous history of lung cancer in your family, you may increase your risk of developing mesothelioma.
The best treatments for people who have mesothelioma are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy. Surgery is used to remove tumor tissue and to improve breathing. Radiation therapy kills malignant cells and stops cell growth; this treatment can also lead to pleural mesothelioma life expectancy. The final options for treatment will depend on your location and the severity of your tumor.