A new absorbent material, defined as “intelligent” in the press release, for industrial water treatment was developed by a group of researchers from the State University of the Southern Urals.
It is a multifunctional carbon-based product that can absorb various types of pollutants normally produced during industrial production. This material is capable of selective absorption and can therefore only be used for the most dangerous pollutants whose elimination becomes a priority during the industrial process.
The study, published in Refractories and Industrial Ceramics, explains the composition of the absorbent material, a porous carbon-based layer that performs selective absorption actions and retains specific types of toxic impurities. The material has already been tested with various harmful substances such as phenol, polyphenols, aldehydes, ketones, poles and heteroaromatic compounds and has been shown to absorb these compounds at different intensity levels and selectively.
This has enabled scientists to ensure that this material can selectively absorb a certain group of more harmful components, namely the most dangerous substances: “If the sorbent mainly absorbs some substances and excludes others, we can clean more effectively, for example water from the most harmful impurities. In other words, we will be able to regulate the selectivity of the absorbers, generating them for the absorption of specific groups of substances on demand,” says Alexander Soldatov, one of the researchers involved in the project.